What is IoT (Internet of Things)?

IoT – The current world of technological development is increasing rapidly from time to time. In the past, maybe we could only imagine or watch science fiction films about advanced technology.

Now, various equipment / machines have been equipped with technological sophistication that can facilitate our daily work. Starting from a smart car (smart car) that can walk alone to various destinations without a human driver, to a smart machine like Alexa that can sound remind you to do this and that on schedule.

With Google Assistant we can discuss to determine which is the fastest route we can take on the journey as well. Maybe it’s also our loneliness that can be lost with the existence of virtual AI friends that we can custom as we like. All of this latest technology is part of the Internet of Things.

What is the Internet of Things?

Explanation of IoT

Internet of Things (IoT) is a concept where certain objects have the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring interaction from human to human or from human to computer devices.

The Internet of Things is more often referred to by its abbreviation namely IoT. This IoT has grown rapidly starting from the convergence of wireless technology, micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS), and also the Internet.

This IoT is also often identified with RFID as a method of communication. Even so, IoT can also include other sensor technologies, such as wireless technology or QR codes that we often find around us.

What are the capabilities of IoT? As for the various abilities for example in sharing data, being a remote control, and many others. Actually its functions include also applied to objects that exist in the real world, around us. What are some examples? Examples are for processing foodstuffs, electronics, and various other machines or technologies that are all connected to local and global networks through embedded sensors and always on.

So, simply put the term Internet of Things refers to a machine or tool that can be identified as a virtual representation in its Internet-based structure.

How the Internet of Things Works

IoT Works
How IoT Works

Actually IoT works by utilizing a programming argument, where each of the arguments commands can produce an interaction between machines that have been connected automatically without human intervention and without unlimited any distance.

So, the Internet here is a link between the two machine interactions. Then where is human interference? Humans in the IoT’s job is only to be the regulator and supervisor of the machines that work directly.

The biggest challenge that can be an obstacle in configuring IoT is how to arrange its own communication network. Why does it become difficult and problematic? This is actually because the network is very complex. In addition, IoT also really really needs a fairly tight security system. Aside from these problems, expensive IoT development costs are also often the cause of its failure. In the end, manufacturing and development can end in production failure.

The constituent elements of IoT

There are some basic elements of IoT including artificial intelligence, connectivity, sensors, active involvement and the use of small devices. Next, we will briefly explain each of these elements:

Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Artificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence

IoT makes almost all existing machines “Smart”. This means that IoT can improve all aspects of our lives with the development of technology based on AI. So, the development of existing technology is done by collecting data, artificial intelligence algorithms, and available networks. Actually, for example, it could be a relatively simple machine such as increasing / developing your fridge / refrigerator so that it can detect if your favorite milk and cereal stocks are running out, even it can also make an order to the supermarket automatically if the stock runs out. The application of artificial intelligence is indeed very interesting.



In IoT, it is possible to create / open new networks, and IoT-specific networks. So, this network is no longer tied only to its main provider. The network does not have to be large-scale and expensive, it can be available on a much smaller and cheaper scale. IoT can create this small network between system devices.



These sensors are the differentiators that make IoT unique compared to other sophisticated machines. This sensor is able to define instruments, which change IoT from standard networks and tend to be passive in the device, to become an active system that can be integrated into our everyday real world.

Active Engagements

Engangement that is often applied by general technology that is passive. This IoT introduces a new paradigm for active content, products, and service involvement.

Small Size Device

Devices, as technology experts predict, are indeed becoming smaller, cheaper and stronger over time. IoT makes use of these small devices made specifically to produce accuracy, scalability, and good flexibility.

History and Development

Given that this IoT is a sophisticated technology that is able to transfer data over a network with easy interaction, the future of its development is very promising. Everyday human life can be optimized and facilitated with smart sensors and internet-based smart equipment.

The History

History IoT

Initially, the internet itself became famous in 1989. Then in 1990, a researcher named John Romkey made a device that was then classified as sophisticated. The device is a toaster that can be turned on or also turned off via the internet. See Also : AI in Industrial Revolution 4.0

Then in 1994, someone named Steve Mann created WearCam, and in 1997 Paul Saffo briefly explained his discoveries about sensor technology and his future. It was only in 1999 that Kevin Ashton created the concept of the Internet of Things. This Kevin is the Director of Auto IDCentre from MIT.

In the same year, namely 1999, a machine based on Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) was discovered globally. Well, this discovery is the beginning of the popularity of the concept of IoT. People, especially technology experts, are competing to develop the technology according to the IoT concept.

Engagement in Millenial Era

IoT in Millenial era

Then, in 2000, the well-known brand LG announced plans to create and release IoT technology, the smart cabinet. This smart wardrobe is able to determine whether there are food stocks that need to be refilled in the closet.

Then, in 2003, the previously mentioned FRID began to be placed in an important position in the period of technological development in America, through the Savi Program. In the same year, the giant retail company Walmart began deploying RFID in all branches of its stores available in various parts of the world.

IoT returned to prominence in 2005, when well-known media such as The Guardian and the Boston Globe began to quote lots of scientific articles and the process of developing IoT. Until 2008, various companies agreed to launch IPSO to market the use of IP in the network for “Smart Object” which also aims to activate IoT itself.

Miscellaneous Fields of Application of IoT

Development IoT


There are various kinds of application of IoT in the agricultural sector. Some of them include collecting data on temperature, rainfall, humidity, wind speed, pest attack, and soil load. These data can be used to automate agricultural techniques. Then, it can also be used to make decisions (decision making) based on available information in order to improve quality and quantity, minimize risk and waste, and reduce the effort needed in managing plants. For example, farmers can now monitor soil temperatures and humidity remotely, and even apply data obtained by IoT for more precise fertilization programs.


A large number of devices that consume energy (such as switches, electrical outlets, lights, televisions, etc.) can now be integrated with internet connectivity. Then what is the impact? The integration allows machines or networks to communicate in balancing electricity generation and the use of energy that is more efficient or effective. This device can also allow remote control access from users, or it can also be management from one center through a cloud-based interface. In addition, it can also activate functions such as scheduling (for example to turn on / turn off the heating machine, control the oven, change the lighting conditions from bright to dim to dark, etc.). So with IoT in this field, systems can gather and act on information related to energy and power to improve the efficiency of electricity production and distribution.


Environmental monitoring applications from IOT usually use sensors to help ensure environmental protection. Please show me for example? Its application, for example, by monitoring air or water quality, atmospheric or soil conditions, may even include monitoring of wildlife and their habitats. Not only that actually. This IoT can also be used in disaster management such as Tsunami or earthquake early warning systems. This can certainly be very helpful. The IoT device in this case means it has a very wide geographical range and is able to move.

Home Automation

IoT devices can also be used to monitor and control mechanical, electrical and electronic systems used in various types of buildings (for example, industry or your home as a place to live). This IoT tool or development can also monitor energy usage in real-time to reduce energy consumption. Not only that, it can even monitor the inhabitants. Example? Once you enter the house at night, the light is on. Then as soon as you enter the sleep schedule, the lights will automatically turn off. In the morning, your garden will be doused with water by an automatic sprinkler machine. Likewise with your refrigerator that can order your own food stock when it runs out. Everything can be integrated into a smart home system.

Medical and Health

In the world of medicine and health, IoT will continue to be developed. In fact, later in the future, all your health records can be transferred directly to medical personnel and hospitals. Data that can be detected and transmitted such as heart rate, blood sugar level, and so forth. Your personal smartphone / cellphone will be a sophisticated health monitoring tool and can certainly help you greatly. Existing IoT devices can even provide warnings when your health deteriorates or provide treatment advice and even make an appointment with a doctor. Actually several advanced IoT technologies have been developed and applied in this field. For example, a smart bed that can automatically notify a doctor / nurse when a patient wants to get out of bed etc. According to a report from Goldman Sachs in 2015, this kind of health device could save the country from excessive health budgets.


IoT can help humans in the integration of communication, control, and information processing in various existing transportation systems. The application of IoT is indeed continuously expanding to various aspects of the transportation system. Not only the engine technology, namely vehicles, but also infrastructure, and alluding to the function of the driver / user. The dynamic interactions that occur between the components come from a transportation system. The system allows inter-and intra-vehicle communication, more effective traffic control because it is classified as smart, smarter parking, logistics and fleet management, vehicle control, and also related to safety factors and road assistance.

Development of IoT 2020

Development IoT

The development of IoT in 2020 is very interesting to follow. Where IoT here has been integrated with various other advanced modules such as the application of AI. In its own concept, AI already carries the role of an individual who can think and plan things based on the logic he already has. As its development the logic he has is also growing. This growing analytical capability enables an IoT system to advance further.

Good or Bad?

Human fear of technological advances has also begun to emerge. Where in fiction films are often shown that later humans will be displaced by their own technology. In one of the films entitled “Mother” for example. Narrated a robot with the character of a mother who can raise human species from embryo cells to adults. This robot can apply all kinds of things that he met with the baby well. Get various input and know what the best thing he can do for the baby.

Actually this robot itself is a data and a living intelligence. He won’t die just because we deactivate one robot. He can transfer awareness using other media connected to the internet. It might be quite scary if what we meet here is negative. But it is very beneficial if we encounter positive things.

Very Effective for Human Being

Imagine when the condition of the human body is going to get sick, we have been told which part is sick, symptoms, follow-up and anticipation going forward by an AI. We are given the best view of how to regulate our bodies to be in their best condition. Have we ever just imagined if this IoT is used for negative things for example in warfare? Very scary for sure. Control is very automatic. Intermediary forces that we know are no longer a coordinated swarm of humans, but could be a swarm of robots that have many forms. Ranging from ground troops, drones or even automatic aircraft.

Yes, all returned again from the goal and how this IoT was developed. If its development towards a positive direction will certainly bring a very positive impact on life. Conversely, when used in a negative way, the order of life is also very easy to destroy in a matter of hours or even minutes.

Psycho-Pass: Dystopian future of IoT

This about the story, the creation of people imagination which takes place in dystopian future when people completely relying upon IoT. Somehow, we couldn’t take aside people imagination that has come in the movies. At some point, those imaginations become true, especially if it is about technology and the internet.

We know those examples from movies that familiar for us, such as technology in Iron Man movie for his suit and Jervis. You could buy the Jet Pack “Iron Man” in London, and Jervis is also part of Smart Home. Some technologies nowadays also inspired by Doraemon from Japan animation!

Then what about Psycho-Pass? Psycho-Pass is an animation TV-series that tells about the future which full of technology equipped with the Internet. However, it shows how society is worn out because of technology along with IoT. That’s why, we also couldn’t take aside the possibilities of the Dystopian future of the Internet of Things (IoT). Those imaginations alone are enough to warn us how frightening IoT can be.

Psycho-Pass: Dystopian future of IoT
Psycho-Pass depicts the possibility of IoT dystopian future.

Psycho-Pass review

The story takes place far in future Japan when technology becomes so advanced and has integrated into daily life. That advanced technology, therefore, could give what many people dream for, a utopia society. Actually, thanks to technology, Japan becomes the only place on the planet that provides peace to its people. Yeah, at the moment, when most of the place on the planet fall into chaos, Japan could control its society to maintain its welfare.

The result of the technology is the Sibyl System. The system has the ability to dictate the lives of Japan’s citizen. The system at first is to monitor a person mental-health through modern and advanced devices connecting with the internet. Yet, the accuracy of the system is able to predict more than it used to, which is the future course of a person’s life.

On the surface, the Sibyl System is nothing but a benefit to society. It is a perfect system that could lead people into utopia society. Although, the dark secret behind this system is beyond the imagination of society. Behind the Sibyl System, there are a lot of people who leave and take control of the system. They leave as a brain alone without a body. As a group of people who evaluates other people, several errors could occur. As a system, they dispose of those errors and make it right as they believe. Consequently, they limit the best capabilities of a person and label it as a criminal. As the criminal regarding the system, it means death or isolation.

Everything in that society, people or objects, adjusted by the device which connects to the system. Wherever it is, there is the only system that will judge them and it is the Sibyl System.

Psycho-Pass Technology

We might not know but the technology in Psycho-Pass related to the found technology recently. Below is the technology in Psycho-Pass that you familiar with:

Psycho-Pass Technology
Smartwatch connecting with the internet for video call, voice call, receiving email and a lot of information. Photo taken from Draggle’s Anime Blog
Psycho-Pass Technology
Smarthome equipped with Artificial Intelligence (AI). Photo taken from suntzuanime
A program that could monitor a person mental health
A program that could monitor a person mental health. Photo taken psychopass.fandom.com

The impact of IoT in the Healthcare Industry

Nowadays, IoT or the Internet of Things becomes part of this modern technology era that couldn’t be apart from people. This is the result of the convenience that IoT gives to us. Keeping that in mind, IoT also could facilitate people in the Healthcare Industry.

Technology becomes more advanced as the time goes by, and IoT is following those changes IoT as well. Then just like people know, IoT indeed facilitates people in their daily life. Regarding its benefits, IoT expands its usefulness in many fields. You can tell any field that has already applied this concept of Internet of Things. Let’s say like in the business industry, the education industry, and furthermore healthcare industry.

IoT in Healthcare

IoT connecting anything in Healthcare Industry to facilitate patients and people who work in this industry. Photo taken from UBUNTUPIT

The cost in the healthcare sector, as well as its complexity, is rapidly increased these past decades, however, the developments of IoT in healthcare industry lie a lot of potentials. It centers in the potential of the concept for IoT-driven telehealth and remote patient monitoring (RPM). Both concepts could provide patients with the same quality in the home as in the hospital. With lower cost and the facility to control patient remotely, it certainly gives impacts to the healthcare industry.

Realize the IoT potential, most of the company specialised in healthcare and technology give such a big investment in IoT. Nowadays, there are a lot of devices that could connect into each other which is the basis of IoT, it applies to healthcare devices as well.

Takes examples from the ideas of IoT in the healthcare industry like X-Ray machines connecting with Wi-Fi or Bluetooth to control and monitoring patient, or for small healthcare technology devices like Hearing Aid connecting with Internet and smartwatches for mental health. IoT also could help health practitioners to easily manage their works with such as Hospital Operations Management or Remote Patient Monitoring which provides time efficiency for health practitioners to monitor their patient with having a less face-to-face consultation.


Risks that IoT could bring in the Healthcare Industry. Photo taken from TheIoTMagazine

However, we have to consider the challenges in IoT when it comes to the healthcare industry. The most challenge for using IoT is its security, the basic problem that comes from IoT. Experts are ongoing to strengthen the security of IoT in order to securely collect, manage and store the data in this sector. This is the purpose of IoT to secure the data from hacking and leaking such confidential information.

Because, when the security is not good enough, all the private data of the patient could be lost and in the worse case could be used for the irresponsible purpose. In addition, the unsupport system within IoT could also lead to the failure of the device during the proses of patient treatment, which could bring harm to the patient.

Thus, all above are the possibilities that IoT could give in the Healthcare industry with the impact within. The ideas would be near in the future following the quick transformation of technology nowadays. So, are you excited with IoT in the healthcare industry?

Her (2013): when people rely too much on the Internet

Have you ever watched a movie titled Her (2013)? Do you know what happens with people and the computer equipped with the Internet in the movie? Through this movie, we could see how the Internet of Things could influence people life when people rely too much on the program of the Internet.

Her is an American science-fiction romantic drama film which published in 2013. This movie has written, directed, and produced by Spike Jonze. This film was based on speculative science that researched carefully for depicting the reality of the world in the future. The film is not only about the romantic drama between two entities. It is about the value that the writer wants to deliver about the possibility of the internet in the future. This is about how people are too absorb within the internet and they rely too much on it.

Her (2013) synopsis

Her 2013- when people rely too much on the Internet
When the main character of the movie feels alone, he relies too much upon the voice command technology called OS1 which is part of the Internet of Things. Photo taken from KINCIR

The story is around a lonely man named Theodore Twombly who is a professional love letter writer in the modern era in future. So desperate with her divorced with his wife, Theodore buys an Operation System (OS). This OS is equipped with voice command and Artificial Intelligence (AI) for easily adjusting and developing on its own.

Theodore chooses a female voice for the OS to fulfil his emptiness because of his divorce. The OS introduces her self as Samantha and it tries to adjust with Theodore needs and personalities. Through the film goes on, Theodore has fallen in love with Samantha. He does everything that usually most couples do in real life with Samantha.

Theodore ex-wife even thinks that he is crazy for falling in love with a computer. Even so, Theodore doesn’t care and still continues his relationship with Samantha. He also finds out that his friend Amy who divorces with her husband is dating with her OS.

Unfortunately, without any notification, Samantha disappears because the program needs to be upgraded. In this part, Theodore realizes that everyone starts to talk with their OS. When Samantha comes back again in the program, Theodore asks her about her love for him and the answer is Samantha indeed loves Theodore just like she loves her other users.

Of course, in the end, Theodore only finds himself upset because of Samantha before he knows that there a woman truly falls for him. Finally, the ends up when Theodore and Amy are finally together.

Related to the Internet

Thus, we could assume it would not be that far in the future when the internet would be we really easy to use as well as the smart device which supported the internet. From the story in the film, we could see how the human relationship is falling apart because people rely too much upon the internet even it is for simple conversation between human.

It certainly shows how the internet facilitates people life, but on the hand, it could keep people apart with others. At the end of the story, it as well depicts carefully how precious the relationship between human emotionally.

So, which part you want to choose from using this internet? Do you want to become the people that rely too much on the internet and forget the precious relationship between others, or otherwise?

Get to know what is the Internet of Things (IoT) for your daily life

The Internet of Things is what that makes your life easier! Your phone exactly is one of the many results of the Internet of Things. So, what exactly the Internet of Things (IoT) is all about? Let’s know further about it!

Maybe some of you are already familiar with these words, the Internet of Things or some others may not know about it? but really, we are living with the Internet of Things closer than we know.

Let’s see everything becomes much easier nowadays. You don’t have to go to the supermarket to buy things if you could shop online; you are now could bring less and less cash and pay things online instead; wi-fi is all around the places wherever you go. That alone could give you at least a picture about IoT.

Then, what is the Internet of Things (IoT)?

Internet of things is about the concept of the system that could transfer data through the network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction. This system itself basically is about connecting everything in the world, not only people but also things around us, from people-to-people, people-to-things, and things-to-things.

To put it simply, according to McClelland in his website, iotforall.com:

the Internet of Things means taking all the things in the world and connecting them to the internet. 

He also tells there are three categories from things that are being connected to the internet. First, things that could collect information and send it. Second, things that could receive information and act according to the received information. Third, things could do both of the commands before.

Moreover, the word “things” in the Internet of Things is about the subject that has equipped with IoT devices. Takes examples for a house with an anti-theft sensor, people with e-wallet for payment online, wireless speaker that you used at home or even Remote Patient Monitoring (RPM) for the patient to remotely controlled from home.

IoT for our lives

The example of the Inther if things for Medical Care. Photo taken from InnovHealth twitter

Nowadays, people already rely on the Internet of Things for daily life. Just say that the way you use your phone is part of it. Even the way you reach this website is part of the Internet of Things too. The way IoT influences our lives is how our lives become much easier.

You can touch and swipe your phone to get more convenient transportation. E-wallet and barcode to pay things are also popular nowadays. You can even make your own fitness schedule with your coach online. See? All of those is thanks to the concept of the Internet of Things.

There are many predictions out there about how IoT could influence societies in the world. They even said that there will be over 10 billion connected devices in 2020. Who knows? More importantly, IoT could help human life and indeed brings a lot of benefits for our daily life. The using of IoT could lead to smart people with smart devices and this can lead to a smart society as well.

However, IoT also could push people to do things that could give harm to others. So, in the end, everything is all up to you to use it wisely and smart. At the end of the day, all choices are in your hand.