The impact of IoT in the Healthcare Industry

Nowadays, IoT or the Internet of Things becomes part of this modern technology era that couldn’t be apart from people. This is the result of the convenience that IoT gives to us. Keeping that in mind, IoT also could facilitate people in the Healthcare Industry.

Technology becomes more advanced as the time goes by, and IoT is following those changes IoT as well. Then just like people know, IoT indeed facilitates people in their daily life. Regarding its benefits, IoT expands its usefulness in many fields. You can tell any field that has already applied this concept of Internet of Things. Let’s say like in the business industry, the education industry, and furthermore healthcare industry.

IoT in Healthcare

IoT connecting anything in Healthcare Industry to facilitate patients and people who work in this industry. Photo taken from UBUNTUPIT

The cost in the healthcare sector, as well as its complexity, is rapidly increased these past decades, however, the developments of IoT in healthcare industry lie a lot of potentials. It centers in the potential of the concept for IoT-driven telehealth and remote patient monitoring (RPM). Both concepts could provide patients with the same quality in the home as in the hospital. With lower cost and the facility to control patient remotely, it certainly gives impacts to the healthcare industry.

Realize the IoT potential, most of the company specialised in healthcare and technology give such a big investment in IoT. Nowadays, there are a lot of devices that could connect into each other which is the basis of IoT, it applies to healthcare devices as well.

Takes examples from the ideas of IoT in the healthcare industry like X-Ray machines connecting with Wi-Fi or Bluetooth to control and monitoring patient, or for small healthcare technology devices like Hearing Aid connecting with Internet and smartwatches for mental health. IoT also could help health practitioners to easily manage their works with such as Hospital Operations Management or Remote Patient Monitoring which provides time efficiency for health practitioners to monitor their patient with having a less face-to-face consultation.

Challenges

Risks that IoT could bring in the Healthcare Industry. Photo taken from TheIoTMagazine

However, we have to consider the challenges in IoT when it comes to the healthcare industry. The most challenge for using IoT is its security, the basic problem that comes from IoT. Experts are ongoing to strengthen the security of IoT in order to securely collect, manage and store the data in this sector. This is the purpose of IoT to secure the data from hacking and leaking such confidential information.

Because, when the security is not good enough, all the private data of the patient could be lost and in the worse case could be used for the irresponsible purpose. In addition, the unsupport system within IoT could also lead to the failure of the device during the proses of patient treatment, which could bring harm to the patient.

Thus, all above are the possibilities that IoT could give in the Healthcare industry with the impact within. The ideas would be near in the future following the quick transformation of technology nowadays. So, are you excited with IoT in the healthcare industry?

Smart Home add your convenience at home

As a result of the internet of things, Smart Home becomes a great offer for the society. Get to know why Smart Home would become a great offer for you and your family which could add your convenience at home.

Smart Home is the result of the internet of things which gives us a lot of conveniences at home. Then, what are the convenience that Smart Home could offer for you and your family? You can scroll down this page and find out your self about Smart Home.

What is the Smart Home?

A smart home is where your home is in your hand and give you a lot of convenience within the touch of your finger. Photo taken from Immersa Lab

Smart Home is a house equipped with the technology that could make all the devices and system in the house connected into each other. In that case, you could control all devices in the house remotely as the owner of the house. You will get notifications or take full control for those devices to give you and your family more convenience at home. Even though, you are not in the house you still know what is happening with your house. That’s one of the convenience of Smart Home provides for you.

More benefits of the Smart Home

Smart Home is the best choices for you who is a busy person with high mobility outside your home. Smart Home provides convenience where you are far from home. Take examples when you have a meeting until late of the night but nobody is at home. You could turn on the light in the house and decreased its exposure through your phone. This also could help you to decrease the usage of your electricity and save your expense as well.

With Smart Home system you could increase the security of your home either you are in the house or not. You even can complete your security system with CCTV and anti-theft alarm if a stranger comes into your house. Especially if you have babies, it will be very useful to know what they do during day and night using the same devices.

Smart Home in Indonesia

Smart Home Technology is being said as the concept of future occupancy. There are several tech companies in Indonesia that support the concept of Smart Home in society. They already launched several home devices that could easily connect with your phone. Those companies also provide you with system and device that prevents you from thief and not only see it through CCTV when the theft was taking your things.

That is about the Smart Home and the benefits that it could provide you with all its convenience at your home. So, are you interested to make Smart Home as the concept of your house?

If you want to know about Smart Home performance, check the video below!

This is what Smart Home provides you with convenience for all of your family member. Video taken from YouTube

Source:

Mengenal Smart Home System di Indonesia, https://citraraya.com/smart-home-system/ Accessed Dec 12 2019

Home Automation: Ketika ‘Jarvis’ Iron Man Ada di Indonesia, https://www.cnbcindonesia.com/tech/20190119091614-37-51432/home-automation-ketika-jarvis-iron-man-ada-di-indonesia Accessed Dec 12 2019

Popular wristwatch: Smartwatch gives you benefits

Smartwatch recently becomes popular nowadays. Not only to show the current time but Smartwatch also gives you a lot of benefits at once. Scrolled down to find more about Smartwatch.

Maybe some of you are unfamiliar with this device, even this device called Smartwatch is popular nowadays. As part of the internet of things, the smartwatch is bravely standing along with any other smart devices, like the smartphone in your hand. For you who not familiar with this device, let’s find out together about Smartwatch and its benefits for you.

What you need to know about Smartwatch

Smartwatch, a portable device which forms like a wirtswatch could give you a of benefits only on thtough your wirst. Photo take from HeatlhTech

Smartwatch is a portable device which is designed like a wristwatch and could be worn on a wrist. The popular smartwatch uses a touchscreen for the user to operate the device and it could offer several apps carried from the device itself. The existence of this device is to encourage people to use a mini portable computer on their wrists.

Most of the smartwatch becomes a wireless Bluetooth adaptor to connect with user smartphone. That is why through the smartwatch, we could have control over the smartphone without taking our phone out of pocket. Consequently, it gives you some benefits for efficiency with Smartwatch is on the wrist.

Benefits of using the Smartwatch

Because of the Smartwatch capabilities to connect with your smartphone, you could receive calls and replay message instantly with only to a glance to your wrists. You even can get notifications from social media immediately. Some smartwatch also provides voice support so it will be more efficient to give command through your voice instead.

In addition, Smartwatch also could facilitate you with a fitness tracker and healthcare. As examples, this device could help to analyze your heartbeats or monitor patients for a chronic condition. In the HealthTech website, they tell that smartwatches give helps to collect heart health data. Some hospitals even launched the system program to better track their patients especially patients with chronic diseases.

Furthermore, with fancy and elegant design from the Smartwatch, it could support your sense of fashion. There are more smartwatches out there that have a stylish design suit with your style and it could make you look more fashionable.

There is a lot of type and design for the smartwatch that will give you benefits depending on your needs. Photo taken watchranker.com

In the end, the smartwatch is not about telling time alone. It does help its users as fitness track, or maybe as health monitoring, or for daily life used as it could give quick access to your smartphone.

However, you still have to keep in mind the benefits of it as well as the disadvantages of relying on smart devices too much. Finally, you can choose which smartwatch that suit you in the market and just give it a try using this device. See it yourself the benefits that you might get this smart device, Smartwatch.

Top 5 Online Shops in Indonesia during 2019

Do you want to buy clothes for the Christmas party? or buy some gift for your friends and family back home? You could choose from the 5 top online shops in Indonesia below, that most of the Indonesian visits buying things for their beloved ones.

According to ipriceinsights and ASEANUP below are the most popular and visited online shops in Indonesia. Nonetheless, there are only the top 5 online shops in Indonesia from so many online shops in the survey.

Before we go further, it is better to know what online shop is about. So, online shops or they would call it, e-commerce (electronic commerce) sites are the place where the activities of buying and selling products on online services or through the internet.

Hence, E-commerce or online shops could simplify the activities of shopping. You could choose from online shops below that suite you better.

Tokopedia

Top 5 Online Shops in Indonesia during 2019
Online shops in Indonesia. Photo taken from fajarpos.com

The largest and the most popular online shop that most people visit is Tokopedia. Indeed, it shows from its Monthly Traffic Estimate is around 148,500,000. It might be the result for Tokopedia to allowing individuals and business to freely open and easily manages their own stores on the platform. Tokopedia also received a lot of funds from their sponsor, from Japan’s Softbank to Sequoia Capital, The famous American tech venture capital firm.

Shopee

Meanwhile, Shopee claims to be the first online shop using a mobile marketplace app with the concept of Consumer-to-consumer (C2C). Shopee is the first online shops that provide Live Chat feature which distinguishes them from any other online shops. Later, other online shops followed their steps for this feature to enrich their own platform.

Bukalapak

Bukalapak is another top online shop in Indonesia which provide brand as well as individual to buy and sell their product online. This online shops originally made by Indonesian and they apply the concept of Consumer-to-Consumer (C2C). Furthermore, the thing you have to remember from Bukalapak is they provide extra financial guarantees for their customers.

Lazada

Lazada is an online department store and a marketplace which provides a lot of product from electronic devices, book, kid toys, medical devices, beauty product, and many more. However, Lazada Indonesia is also a branch from Internationa Lazada Group in Southeast Asia, which is a subsidiary of internet network company of Rocker Internet. Rocket Internet is an Internet company which incubate and invests in internet and technology companies globally.

Blibli

Blibli is like an online shop which resembles the mall in real life. Therefore, they provide a lot of products from gadget to computer, all kinds of fashion, from health to beauty products, stuffs for mother and children, products for home and its decoration, and even for automotive things. It also provides tickets and could give special promotion and vouchers for their users.

Top 5 Online Shops in Indonesia during 2019
Buy things in online shop using the e-wallet. Photo taken from Actualitate

You could also pay things in online shops through e-wallet that they provide to make your payment easier. Thus, that is the top 5 online shops in Indonesia! Do you already choose which site to buy things that you want?

Popular E-Wallet apps in Indonesia

In 2019, the cashless payment becomes popular in Indonesia. Then, which e-wallet apps that you want to chose for your cashless payment? Below are popular e-wallet apps in Indonesia that can be your choices.

According to iprice.co.id, their announced the list for Biggest E-Wallet Apps in Indonesia according to Monthly Active Users. Photo taken from iprice.co.id

As the result of the Internet of Things around us, it increased for people using the smartphone in Indonesia. Following those changes, the service for cashless payment using the mobile phone are increasing as well. Nowadays, using e-wallet apps for cashless payment become more popular in the society. However, too much e-wallet apps out there ends up making people confused which e-wallet to use.

Below are popular e-wallet apps in Indonesia that could become your choices for cashless payment:

Go-Pay

Go-Pay is not categorized as a finance app but Go-Pay contributed to 30% for the total transaction of e-money in Indonesia. At first, Go-pay only an e-wallet for all the payment of Go-Jek apps, from Go-Ride, Go-Car and Go-Food which is the biggest food delivery in Southeast Asia. In addition, according to DailySocial, Go-Pay would officially become one of the payment methods in Google Play.

So, it’s not a surprise anymore if Go-pay becomes the most popular e-wallet apps in Indonesia. That’s why you can choose Go-Pay for your e-wallet apps considering its facility in Go-Jek and Google Play.

OVO

Ovo placed as the second of the popular e-wallet apps in Indonesia according to the number of download app in the iprice.co.id list. You could use OVO as the offline payment in Matahari Department Store and Lippo Mall. Ovo also has collaborated with Grab Indonesia, Tokopedia and Lion Air Group as well.

The collaboration that has been done by OVO makes OVO becomes popular as a method for cashless payment. This could regain her popularity again after dropped its popularity several times before in 2019.

DANA

Dana is a newcomer as the e-wallet apps in Indonesia, but it could secure itself as the top three for the most popular e-wallet apps in Indonesia. It is an e-wallet app as the result of Ant Financial and Emtek Group partnership. Additionally, Dana is an official e-wallet for Bukalapak as its e-commerce transaction through BukaDompet.

LinkAja

LinkAja is an e-wallet for the state-owned enterprises in Indonesia. It is the result of the collaboration of T-Cash from Telkomsel, Mandiri e-cash from Bank Mandiri, UnikQu from BNI, T-money from Telkom and T-Bank from BRI. Recently, LinkAja has collaborated with Go-Pay.

Jenius

Jenius is the product of BTPN which stand for National Pensioners Savings Bank (Bank Tabungan Pensiunan Nasional). This e-wallet app becomes one of the popular e-wallet apps in Indonesia because Jenius gives a lot of advantages to its user. As examples, Jenius won’t take any fee for cash withdrawal, free administration fee, free open and closed account, free transfer fee, and free for creating Jenius’ card.

The display of Jenius as e-wallet apps on your phone. Photo taken from Kompas.com

From the popular e-wallet apps in Indonesia that have mentioned above, which one that you can use for your cashless payment method? or maybe you already used those apps above, so, which one is the from your experience for cashless payment?

Why Google’s latest launch is more about the brand than the tech

Simone Natale, Loughborough University; Gabriele Balbi, Università della Svizzera italiana, and Paolo Bory, Università della Svizzera italiana

Google has launched its latest flagship phones, Pixel 4 and 4XL. Although the new models feature relatively marginal improvements to their predecessors, the launch was staged with much fanfare by Google, as if it represented a major breakthrough for the company and the smartphone market – despite most of the product specs being leaked before the event. The launch was just the latest in a series of product launches by leading digital tech companies that sharply overstated recent innovations.

On September 10, for instance, Apple introduced three new iPhones, revamped Apple Watches and two new subscriptions services, TV+ and Apple Arcade. Two weeks later, Amazon presented a long list of new gadgets at its Alexa event. All these launches have something in common: the “novelties” they introduce are merely iterations of their existing product offering, yet they are presented as revolutionary.

Exaggeration does not come as a surprise in marketing and advertisement. Yet digital corporations pursue a precise strategy with their product launches. The main goal of these events is not so much introducing specific gadgets. It is to position these companies at the centre of the aura that the so-called digital revolution has acquired for billions of users – and customers – around the world.

Long history

Launching new technology devices through public events predates Silicon Valley. Alexander Graham Bell and Guglielmo Marconi, two of the most popular inventors and entrepreneurs in the late 19th and early 20th century, organised events to present the telephone and wireless telegraphy.

Alexander Graham Bell launching the long-distance telephone line from New York to Chicago in 1892. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress

The audience at these events were mainly scientists or technical experts, but they were also attended by politicians, entrepreneurs, and even kings and queens. The celebrated American inventor Thomas Edison went one step further, presenting his new products in public events such as international exhibitions and tech fairs.

Like today, launches of new products helped shape public opinion and to make a name for companies such as AT&T, Marconi and Edison. They were even used to fight commercial wars. At the end of the 19th century Edison launched a campaign of public events to promote his direct current standard against the rival alternating current. He even electrocuted animals (like the elephant Topsy) in front of journalists to demonstrate that the other standard was dangerous.

More recently, Steve Jobs followed the footsteps of these inventor-entrepreneurs and codified a “genre” – the so-called keynote. Alone on stage and wearing roll neck and jeans (an informal “uniform” for geeks), Jobs launched several Apple products in front of audiences of tech-enthusiasts. These events helped build the myth of Steve Jobs and Apple.

What product launches are really about

Jobs’ talent was more in the marketing and promoting of new devices than in developing technology. Since the 1980s, Apple’s founder recognised the power of a new vision surrounding digital technologies. This vision saw the personal computer and later the internet as harbingers of a new era.

It was a powerful cultural myth centred around the idea that we are experiencing a digital “revolution”, a concept traditionally associated with political change that now came to describe the impact of new technology. In this context, Jobs carefully staged his launches in order to present Apple as the embodiment of this myth.

Take, for instance, Apple’s famous 2007 iPhone launch. Jobs started his talk arguing that “every once in a while, a revolutionary product comes along that changes everything”. His examples included key moments from Apple’s corporate history: the Macintosh reinvented “the entire computer industry” in 1984, the iPod changed the “entire music industry” in 2001, and the iPhone was about to “reinvent the phone”.

This is a narrow account of technological change, to say the least. Believing that one single device brought about a digital revolution is like seeing a crowd of people in Times Square and assuming they turned up because you broadcast on WhatsApp that everyone should go there. It is, however, a convenient point of view for huge corporations such as Apple or Google. To keep their position in the digital market, these companies not only need to design sophisticated hardware and software, they also need to nurture the myth that we live in a state of incessant revolution of which they are the key engine.

In our research, we call this myth “corporational determinism” because like other forms of determinism, it poses the idea that one single agent is responsible for all changes. The way that digital media companies like Amazon, Apple, Facebook and Google communicate to the public is largely an attempt to propagandise this myth.

So you should not be worried if Google’s latest launch did blow you away. The key function of product launches is not actually to launch products. It is for companies to present themselves as the smartest agents in contemporary society, the protagonists of technological change and, ultimately, the heroes of the digital revolution.

Simone Natale, Senior Lecturer in Communication and Media Studies, Loughborough University; Gabriele Balbi, Associate Professor in Media Studies, Università della Svizzera italiana, and Paolo Bory, Lecturer in Media Studies, Università della Svizzera italiana

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

Digital platforms: making the world a more complicated place

Robert Demir, Lancaster University; Christian Sandström, Chalmers University of Technology, and Christofer Laurell, Stockholm School of Economics

Digital platforms, the websites and apps which compete for our precious screen time, have successfully invaded the traditional territory of many sectors of the “old economy”. They have become the preferred – expected, even – domains for many kinds of human behaviour, from banking and property buying, to dating and entertainment.

In doing so, Airbnb, Amazon, Uber and (many) others have swiftly managed to shift economic behaviour from the world of physical bricks and mortar to a digital world powered by algorithms.

These companies are often praised for apparently providing consumers with ever more choice. But in fact, the fundamental idea behind the algorithms which power these platforms is to reduce the variation of options available.

This is because digital platforms are meticulously designed to appeal to individual users at both ends – sellers or providers, and consumers or users. In theory, this reduces the complexity of decision-making, and increases the speed of digital interaction.

Yet in many regards, digital technology has simply made things more complicated. And there are three main ways in which they have managed to do this.

First, while the boundaries between physical and digital space have become blurred, so too has the distinction between producer and consumer.

This is because social media platforms have given consumers a new and stronger voice. Likes, shares, dislikes, comments and reviews all provide information that was not available in a pre-digital age.

This voice informs both well-known brands and start-up entrepreneurs about how their products are being perceived. Consumers become part of the marketing operation in a way that was not possible before, complicating the way we value products and services.

Second, the ways in which business initiatives attract funding has also altered considerably. Specifically, crowdfunding has become a popular way of raising finance for new ideas or projects, attracting donations through collaborative contributions. And recent analysis suggests that crowdfunding is fuelling a wide array of ideas that go well beyond what would be possible in the context of traditional funding (from banks or wealthy investors).

As new business ventures gain funding and momentum more easily through the digital landscape, they increase the overall complexity of the marketplace. The speed (and scope and scale) at which markets are redefined is accelerated by entrepreneurs who create new offerings.

Third, the digital media landscape has given rise to a plethora of platforms enabled by information and communications technology for the exchange of goods and services. Specifically, the “sharing”, “access” and “community-based” economies represent new ways in which exchanges of goods and services take place on platforms such as Airbnb, Uber and Couchsurfing.

The sharing economy, however, has recently been shown to be expanding into various new sectors including fashion and sports, adding complexity by going beyond the previously dominant sectors of transportation and accommodation.

Simple? Shutterstock/BEST-BACKGROUNDS

In light of all these rapid developments, which change the conventional view of what a market-based economy is, there are several serious challenges facing society.

A simply complex situation

These concern how we all – consumers, producers, investors – manage communication, privacy and cyber security. Given the nature of the algorithmic world, voices are increasingly raised about the risks of artificial intelligence (AI) for humankind.

But before we even reach this level, the risks are great for the idea of human liberal thought, when the ways in which we are being persuaded are unclear to so many of us.

Consumers, firms and policymakers are already feeding AI-enabled online robots with ever more information aimed at improving automated digital solutions for everyday decisions, issues and concerns.

Can we balance the value generated from such digital platforms with the potential risks? Probably. But concerted action from governments and businesses is needed to enhance transparency about the risks of algorithmic solutions and decisions. That’s the only way we can all be expected to understand this brave new digital world.

Robert Demir, Lecturer in Strategic Management, Lancaster University; Christian Sandström, Associate Professor of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, and Christofer Laurell, Docent, Stockholm School of Economics

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

Banning Huawei could cut off our nose to spite our face. Good 5G matters

Christopher Findlay, Australian National University

Productivity growth matters. In advanced economies over the past 15 years it has fallen by half.

Which is why it doesn’t make much sense to risk damaging one of the most important potential sources for future growth in productivity: the rollout of 5G.

5G is the next generation of wireless technology. Download speeds will be many times faster than what is possible under 4G.

And it’s not just speed. It’ll cut latency, which is the time it takes for signals to start travelling – something that will be critically important for the Internet of Things.


Forbes magazine


Nurtured well, 5G has the potential to become a “general-purpose technology”, analogous to electricity.

It holds open he possibility of creating new markets for goods and services that we can’t yet imagine.

The best suppliers of the gear required for 5G are in China, most notably Huawei, which has made the heaviest investments in the relevant technology but the problem is that Huawei caught up in security concerns.


Read more: What is a mobile network, anyway? This is 5G, boiled down


It has been banned from work on Australia’s national broadband network and from helping build Australia’s 5G networks.

In the US the president issued an executive order last May prohibiting transactions with providers subject to direction by foreign adversaries.

Britain has the matter under consideration, although there are signs it might allow Huawei in to some parts of the network.

Huawei is setting standards

Industry experts rank Huawei highly.

Hauwei’s Zhao Ming with new 5G phones in Beijing, Tuesday. Ma Peiyao/Imaginechina/AP

Its competitors are China’s ZTE, the Swedish multinational Ericsson, Korea’s Samsung and Finland’s Nokia.

There are none yet from the United States, although reports say Apple will release 5G phones next year.

But the main issues are in the 5G infrastructure where Huawei holds more of the critical patents than others. Globally, it appears to be winning the most contracts.

There is a risk that the rejection of Huawei by some will end up, in the longer term, dividing the world into zones committed to different standards, limiting interconnection.

Standard-setting bodies have expressed concern.

Different standards could constrain the development of global supply chains, pushing up prices. They could impede the scale of application and diffusion of new technologies, limiting what 5G is capable of achieving.

One estimate suggests that banning Huawei could push up costs 30%.

Huawei poses risks…

In announcing what amounted to bans on Huawei (and also China’s ZTE), the Australian government said 5G required a change in the way the networks operate compared to previous mobile technologies.

These changes will increase the potential for threats to our telecommunications networks, and these threats will increase over time as more services come online.

The government had found “no combination of technical security controls that sufficiently mitigate the risks”.

Vendors likely to be subject to extrajudicial directions from foreign governments risked failure to adequately protect 5G networks from unauthorised access or interference.

Huawei said those security concerns could be managed, as do British cyber-security chiefs.

…which can be mitigated

Europe has noted the risks and is developing a risk mitigation strategy.

Southeast Asian economies are considering degrees of engagement with Huawei.

Worth continuing attention by Australia is what former US defence secretary Robert Gates calls the “small yard, high fence” approach.

It means defining exactly where the risks lie and intervening directly to manage them, something Europe is working on.

The US appeared to be struggling after Trump’s May order. The Commerce Department was given 150 days to come up with regulations to implement it. It released a draft only last week.


Read more: US ban on Huawei likely following Trump cybersecurity crackdown – and Australia is on board


There were reports of tension in the US between those who would take the risk-based approach and others who would simply keep Huawei on the banned provider list.

Commerce has, finally, proposed a case by case approach, and has not named any particular provider. But the Federal Communications Commission has banned Huawei from access to its universal services subsidies.

International cooperation could give us room to solve the problem. It could include cooperation with China. China and Australia share concerns about cybersecurity and could together in the same way as we do over other standards to facilitate trade.

Attempting to completely eliminate risk could lumber us with big costs. Some would be financial, others might come from stunting the next technological revolution.

Christopher Findlay, Honorary Professor of Economics, Australian National University

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

The Conversation

On the Battle of Seattle’s 20th anniversary, let’s remember the Aussie coders who created live sharing

Tom Sear, UNSW

Twenty years ago, a group of Australian activists invented open source online publishing, by creating a website that went on to be pivotal in the Battle of Seattle protests.

The violent clash, which took place on November 30, 1999, between anti-globalisation activists and Seattle police, caught the world’s attention. It was also the first large-scale use of technology that allowed anyone to upload stories, photos, and video in a live feed to a website.

Today, online publishing allows multiple people to post text and multimedia content simultaneously to websites in real time, and have others comment on posts.

But this format, used on sites like Facebook and Twitter, was first conceptualised, coded and adopted by a handful of Sydney-based activists back in the 1990s.

These individuals were pioneers in kickstarting the digital disruption of mainstream media, and their actions enabled the world to openly and easily share content online.

Street-based activism

Just days before the events in Seattle, two software programmers, Matthew Arnison in Sydney and Manse Jacobi in Colorado, posted a message on indymedia.org, a new website they had developed.

It read:

The resistance is global… a trans-pacific collaboration has brought this web site into existence. The web dramatically alters the balance between multinational and activist media.

The Seattle Independent Media Centre (Indymedia) website coordinated the protest and allowed reporters to share events to the world, live.

The original Indymedia logo used on the website in 1999, in all its 90s low-pixel glory. Matthew Arnison

The site received 1.5 million hits that week. Arnison had created a movement.

The lead-up

Indymedia’s model was developed by activists in Sydney, several months before it went live on November 30 from a small shopfront in Seattle.

Activist collectives Reclaim the Street and Critical Mass regularly took over public spaces in Sydney during the 1990s.

On the Battle of Seattle's 20th anniversary, let's remember the Aussie coders who created live sharing
A Reclaim the Streets protest on November 6, 1999, at the corner of King and Wilson streets at Newtown, Sydney. (Private collection)

It was the protest-related needs of these collectives that spurred coders’ efforts to find solutions. Programmers including Arnison began writing code that allowed the sharing of stories, images, and live webcasting.

They built a website (j18.cat.org.au/) to allow global coordination and sharing of live video – what Arnison at the time called “frozen media nuggets”.

When the adapted and fine-tuned model went live in Seattle on November 30, word got out.

Wired Magazine covered a scene that foreshadowed the digital newsrooms of today. Arnison and his colleagues had created the first open sharing internet platform.

Arnison told me that before then, “it was very difficult to share photos and post text and stories online, it was impossible to do in real time and without technical skill and special type of access”.


Read more: Death on smartphones: in a world of live streamed tragedy, what do we gain?


Imagine a world where sharing a photo or a story online required complex computer skills and often took up to a day. And a “Kids Guide to the Internet” (in VHS) was required for “all that cybernet stuff”.

The start of Active Sydney

Arnison was also part of the groups Community Activist Technology (CAT) and Active Sydney, which prompted the development of software code that let people upload multimedia media stories, links, photos, video or sound material anywhere, anytime, to go live.

In January 1999, the Active Sydney website was launched.

Active Sydney inspired the Seattle site in the way it created an online space for activists to share information about events and actions, using open source code that Arnison made available to anyone around the world wishing to do the same.

Sydney resident and cofounder Gabrielle Kuiper described the site at an Amsterdam conference in March that year as:

…an online interactive forum for information and inspiration about social change in Sydney… It’s the only website which is linked to an email list operating at a city scale.

Political motives

These days we’re used to the idea of information as a commodity owned and exploited by global online corporations.

In the pioneering days of the internet, the beginnings of data commercialisation existed alongside the notion that “information wants to be free”. Hackers and cyberpunks created open source software that enabled the free flow of online content.

In a post written just two months after Wikipedia went live in 2001, Arnison said:

Open publishing is the same as free software. They’re both (r)evolutionary responses to the privatisation of information by multinational monopolies.

Looking back today, this seems ironic. But in 1999 there was a feeling that information and self-expression would tip the scales towards protesters.

Arnison notes there’s “a different type of asymmetry” at play now. He echoed theorist McKenzie Wark by saying that in today’s world, political economies rely on the asymmetry of information as a form of control.

Twenty years after the Seattle clashes, the roles of protester and politician are reversed.

In 1999, protesters used new online tools to challenge free trade. They deployed a form of citizen journalism that countered mainstream reporting, in a bid to share and obtain authentic messages.


Read more: The Punishing of Anonymous


Today, populist politicians want to be perceived as authentic, so they use live platforms like Twitter to get messages out directly and avoid the filter of mainstream media.

Back then, protesters challenged world leaders beholden to the decision-making power of multinational free trading bodies. Now, some leaders seek to exit large trading blocks and pursue nationalist trade wars.

What we didn’t see coming

When Arnison spoke to me, he noted that one thing early activist communities didn’t predict was the proliferation of online trolling and hate speech.

Hateful and toxic posts were rare in those eventful early days, when a core activity drove content sharing.

Kuiper said at the time they “had no problems with people writing inappropriate or even boring news”.

“Twenty years ago we didn’t envisage how (the internet) could be corporatised or how personal data could be monetised,” she said.

Perhaps the internet will continue to mature and flip on its head yet again.

Arnison hopes so: “I am hoping … there will be a third stage … where we figure out how to manage that toxic behaviour which made this network so wonderful in the first place.”


Read more: How Facebook and Google changed the advertising game


Tom Sear, Industry Fellow, UNSW Canberra Cyber, Australian Defence Force Academy, UNSW

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.